What is a Baptist?

Baptist Beliefs

There are certain beliefs that make Baptists distinct from other Christian believers. As Baptists, we share with other Baptists in the following (Notice the acronym BAPTISTS):

Biblical Authority

Our one, sole authority for faith and practice is the Bible. We believe the Bible is the inspired, authoritative word of God, which reveals His will and our duties, which is able and sufficient for us to know His will and do our duties, and which is the final source of appeal regarding faith and life among His people. 2 Timothy 3:15-17

Autonomy of the Local Church

We believe that the local church is self-governing under the headship of Jesus Christ and the superintendence of the Holy Spirit. While fellowship with other like-minded churches is encouraged, the local church is the final authority in such matters, surrendering nothing to any individual or organization”s external control. Revelation 2:1-3:22

Priesthood of the Believer

We believe every believer is a priest before God, having no mediator except the Lord Jesus Christ. Every believer has equal, direct access to the throne of God, and is a servant of God for His glory. 1 Peter 2:5,9

Two Ordinances

We believe Christ commanded the local church to observe two ordinances. The first ordinance is believer’s baptism.

In baptism, a believer publicly confesses participation in the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ by faith and is received into the church. Our practice is that baptism is performed by immersion and on believers. This is because “baptism” (baptismos in the Greek) comes from the word that means “submerge,” and because there are no clear New Testament examples of baptisms being performed on any person who does not express faith in Christ and a desire to be baptized.

The second ordinance is the Lord’s Supper or Communion. The church regularly gathers together to call to remembrance the death of Christ as the basis for its union and communion with Christ and one another. Matthew 28:19-20, 1 Corinthians 11.17-34

Individual Soul Liberty

We believe every believer has personal freedom and responsibility before God. The believer is free from any coercion others might place upon him, yet also responsible for his own actions before God and for treating others in love as he would be treated. Romans 14:1-12

Separation of Church and State

We believe the Church and the State have been ordained of God, but that each has a mutually exclusive place and purpose. The State exists to provide general safety, order, and peace in society. The Church exists to proclaim the Gospel and to provide instruction in the word of God for itself and society. Though the well-being of society is commonly shared, neither must cross into the place or purpose of the other. Matthew 22:21

Two Offices

We believe Christ has ordained two offices for the local church.
Pastors (also called teachers or elders) provide spiritual leadership. They feed and care for the congregation, model experienced spiritual maturity for the congregation, and take oversight of the ministry of the church.
Deacons provide service and physical assistance. They serve the needs of the congregation under the direction of the spiritual leadership, relieving them of duties of vital, yet secondary importance. 1 Timothy 3:1-7, 1 Timothy 3:8-13

Saved, Regenerated Membership

We believe that the local church is to have a membership composed of those who have given a credible testimony and confession of faith in Christ by believer”s baptism, and who display evidence of regeneration. Evidence of regeneration includes the fruits of faith, repentance, and holy living. Additionally, evidence of regeneration is manifest in a desire to identify with fellow believers in regular worship, fellowship, and service of a local church. Acts 2:41-42, Acts 14:23-24, Hebrews 10:24-25


Unless otherwise cited, Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version ® (ESV ®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.h